FALL SAFETY POLICY
Campeon Roofing & Waterproofing, Inc.
3750 Roundbottom Road
Cincinnati, Ohio 45244
FALL PROTECTION GUIDELINES
1. The employer shall determine if the walking/working surfaces on which its employees are to work have the strength and structural integrity to support employees safely. Employees shall be allowed to work on those surfaces only when the surfaces have the requisite strength and structural integrity.
2. Each employee on a walking/working surface with an unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems.
3. Leading edges. Each employee who is constructing a leading edge 6 feet or more above lower levels shall be protected from falling by guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems. Each employee on a walking/working surface 6 feet or more above a lower level where a leading edge is being constructed, but who are not engaged in leading edge work, shall be protected from falling by a guardrail system, safety net system, or personal fall arrest system. If a guardrail system is chosen to provide the fall protection, and a controlled access zone has already been established for leading edge work, the control line may be used in lieu of a guardrail along the edge that parallels the leading edge.
4. Hoist areas. Each employee in a hoist area shall be protected from falling 6 feet or more to lower levels by guardrail systems or personal fall arrest systems. If guardrail systems, (or chain, gate, or guardrail) or portions thereof are removed to facilitate the hoisting operation (e.g., during landing of materials), and an employee must lean through the access opening or out over the edge of the access opening (to receive or guide equipment and materials, for example), that employee shall be protected from fall hazards by a personal fall arrest system.
5. Each employee on a walking/working surface shall be protected from falling through holes (including skylights) more than 6 feet above lower levels, by personal fall arrest systems, covers, or guardrail systems erected around such holes. Each employee on a walking/working surface shall be protected from tripping in or stepping into holes (including skylights) by covers.
6. Each employee on ramps, runways, and other walkways shall be protected from falling 6 feet or more to lower levels by guardrail systems.
7. Each employee working on, at, above, or near wall openings (including those with chutes attached) where the outside bottom edge of the wall opening is 6 feet or more above lower levels and the inside bottom edge of the wall opening is less than 39 inches above the walking/working surface, shall be protected from falling by the use of a guardrail system, a safety net system, or a personal fall arrest system.
8. When an employee is exposed to falling objects, the employer shall implement one of the following measures:
(a) Erect toeboards, screens, or guardrail systems to prevent objects from falling from higher elevations.
(b) Erect a canopy structure and keep potential falling objects far enough from the edge of the higher level so that those objects would not go over the edge if they were displaced.
(c) Barricade the area to which objects could fall, prohibit employees from entering the barricaded area, and keep objects that may fall far enough away from the edge of a higher level so that those objects would not go over the edge if they were accidentally displaced.
9. EMPLOYERS SHALL PROVIDE AND INSTALL ALL FALL PROTECTION SYSTEMS REQUIRED BY THIS SUBPART FOR AN EMPLOYEE BEFORE THAT EMPLOYEE BEGINS THE WORK THAT NECESSITATES THE FALL PROTECTION.
10. GUARDRAIL SYSTEMS
Top edge of top rails shall be 42 inches + or - 3 inches above the walking/working level. NOTE: When stilts are in use the top edge shall be increased an amount equal to the height of the height of the stilts. Mid-rails shall be installed between the top rail and the walking/working surface when there is no wall or parapet at least 21 inches high. Guardrails shall be capable of withstanding a force of 200 pounds while deflecting no more than 3 inches. Guardrail systems shall be so surfaced as to prevent injury to an employee from punctures or laceration and to prevent snagging clothing. The ends of all top rails and mid-rails shall not overhang the terminal posts. If wire rope is used for a top rail it shall be flagged at not more than 6 foot intervals with high visibility material. When guardrail systems are used around holes which are used as points of access (such as ladder ways), they shall be provided with a gate, or be so offset that a person cannot walk directly into the hole.
11. SAFETY NET SYSTEMS
When and if safety net systems are required, training will be provided. Due to the nature of our work, this will probably never occur.
12. PERSONAL FALL ARREST SYSTEM
Effective January 1, 1998 body belts are not acceptable. Only full body harnesses may be worn.
(a) Connectors shall be drop forged, pressed steel or formed steel, or made of equivalent materials.
(b) Connectors shall have a corrosion-resistant finish, and all edges and surfaces shall be smooth to prevent damage to interfacing parts of the system.
(c) Dee-rings and snaphooks shall have a minimum tensile strength of 5000 pounds.
(d) Snaphooks shall be sized to be compatible with the member to which they are connected. Effective January 1, 1998, only locking type snaphooks shall be used.
(e) Unless the snaphook is a locking type and designed for the following connections, snaphooks shall not be engaged;
1. Directly to webbing, rope or wire rope;
2. To each other,
3. To a dee-ring to which another snaphook or other connector is attached;
4. To a horizontal lifeline;
5. To any object which is incompatibly shaped or dimensioned in relation to the snaphook such that unintentional disengagement could occur by the connected object being able to depress the snaphook keeper and release itself;
6. Lanyards and vertical lifelines shall have a minimum breaking strength of 5000 pounds;
7. EACH EMPLOYEE SHALL BE ATTACHED TO A SEPARATE LIFELINE;
8. Ropes, webbing, and strength components of body harnesses shall be made from synthetic fibers;
9. Anchorages used for attachment of personal fall arrest equipment shall be independent of any other anchorage and capable of supporting at least 5000 pounds;
10. Personal fall arrest systems must be rigged such that an employee can neither free fall more than 6 feet, nor contact any lower level. It must also have sufficient strength to withstand twice the potential impact energy of an employee free falling a distance of 6 feet or the free fall distance permitted by the system, which is less;
11. The attachment point of a body harness shall be located in the center of the wearer's back near shoulder level, or above the wearer's head.
12. Personal fall arrest systems and components subjected to impact loading shall be immediately removed from service and shall not be used again for employee protection until inspected and determined by a competent person to be undamaged and suitable for reuse;
13. The employer shall provide for prompt rescue of employees in the event of a fall or shall assure that employees are able to rescue themselves;
14. Personal fall arrest systems shall be inspected prior to each use for wear, damage and other deterioration, and defective components shall be removed from service.
Constant awareness of and respect for fall hazards, and compliance with all safety rules are considered conditions of employment. The job site Superintendent, as well as individuals in SAFETY AND PERSONNEL DEPARTMENTS, reserve the right to issue disciplinary warnings to employees, up to and including termination, for failure to follow the guidelines of this program.